This study evaluated fertility in swamp buffalo after synchronization of ovulation combined with fixed time artificial insemination. At the start of the study, designated day 0, from a group of 98 female Thai swamp buffalo, 55 buffalo (heifers n° = 20 and cows n° = 35) were selected to be synchronized with GnRH (Day 0) followed by PGF 2alpha (Day 7) and a second treatment with GnRH (Day 9). All buffalo were inseminated at two fixed times 12 h and 24 h after the second injection of GnRH (Ovsynch+TAI group); a second group of 43 buffalo (heifers n° = 19 and cows n° = 24) were not treated and were artificially inseminated (AI) at natural estrus (AI group). Blood samples were taken 22 days after insemination to evaluate progesterone plasma levels. In the Ovsynch+TAI group, overall conception rate (CR; i.e. the number of cows with progesterone >4.0 ng/ml on day 22 after AI divided by the number of animals inseminated), was 38.1% and overall pregnancy rate (PR; i.e. the number of cows that were pregnant at day 50-60 after insemination divided by the number of animals inseminated), was 32.7%. In the AI group overall CR and PR was 34.9%.Within the Ovsynch+TAI group, CR and PR were reduced (P < 0.05) in heifers compared with cows (CR 15.0% vs. 51.4% for heifers and cows, respectively; PR 15.0% vs. 42.9% for heifers and cows, respectively). Within the AI group the efficacy of treatment was similar between heifers and cows (CR and PR 31.6% for heifers and 37.5% for cows).In conclusion, this study indicates that in swamp buffalo it is possible to synchronize ovulation and use timed artificial insemination with the Ovsynch+TAI protocol. © 2010 Elsevier Inc.
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