The structural, optical, and photophysical properties of 1,4,8,11,15,18,22,25-octabutoxyphthalocyaninato-palladium-(II), PdPc(OBu)(8), and the newly synthesized platinum analogue PtPc(OBu)(8) are investigated combining X-ray crystallography, static and transient absorption spectroscopy, and relativistic zeroth-order regular approximation (ZORA) Density Functional Theory (DFT)/Time Dependent DFT (TDDFT) calculations where spin-orbit coupling (SOC) effects are explicitly considered. The results are compared to those previously reported for NiPc(OBu)(8) (J. Phys. Chem. A 2005, 109, 2078) in an effort to highlight the effect of the central metal on the structural and photophysical properties of the group 10 transition metal octabutoxyphthalocyanines. Different from the nickel analogue, PdPc(OBu)(8) and PtPc(OBu)(8) show a modest and irregular saddling distortion of the macrocycle, but share with the first member of the group similar UV-vis spectra, with the deep red and intense Q-band absorption experiencing a blue shift down the group, as observed in virtually all tetrapyrrolic complexes of this triad. The blue shift of the Q-band along the MPc(OBu)(8) (M = Ni, Pd, Pt) series is interpreted on the basis of the metal-induced electronic structure changes. Besides the intense deep red absorption, the title complexes exhibit a distinct near-infrared (NIR) absorption due to a transition to the double-group 1E (pi,pi(star)) state, which is dominated by the lowest single-group E-3 (pi,pi(star)) state. Unlike NiPc(OBu)(8), which is nonluminescent, PdPc(OBu)(8) and PtPc(OBu)(8) show both deep red fluorescence emission and NIR phosphorescence emission. Transient absorption experiments and relativistic spin orbit TDDFT calculations consistently indicate that fluorescence and phosphorescence emissions occur from the S-1(pi,pi(star)) and T-1(pi,pi star) states, respectively, the latter being directly populated from the former, and the triplet state decays directly to the S-0 surface (the triplet lifetime in deaerated benzene solution was 3.04 mu s for Pd and 0.55 mu s for Pt). Owing to their triplet properties, PdPc(OBu)(8) and PtPc(OBu)(8) have potential for use in photodynamic therapy (PDT) and are potential candidates for NIR light emitting diodes or NIR emitting probes.

Near-Infrared-Emitting Phthalocyanines. A Combined Experimental and Density Functional Theory Study of the Structural, Optical, and Photophysical Properties of Pd(II) and Pt(II) α-Butoxyphthalocyanines / A. V., Soldatova; J., Kim; Rizzoli, Corrado; M. E., Kenney; M. A. J., Rodgers; A., Rosa; G., Ricciardi. - In: INORGANIC CHEMISTRY. - ISSN 0020-1669. - 50:(2011), pp. 1135-1149. [10.1021/ic102209q]

Near-Infrared-Emitting Phthalocyanines. A Combined Experimental and Density Functional Theory Study of the Structural, Optical, and Photophysical Properties of Pd(II) and Pt(II) α-Butoxyphthalocyanines

RIZZOLI, Corrado;
2011-01-01

Abstract

The structural, optical, and photophysical properties of 1,4,8,11,15,18,22,25-octabutoxyphthalocyaninato-palladium-(II), PdPc(OBu)(8), and the newly synthesized platinum analogue PtPc(OBu)(8) are investigated combining X-ray crystallography, static and transient absorption spectroscopy, and relativistic zeroth-order regular approximation (ZORA) Density Functional Theory (DFT)/Time Dependent DFT (TDDFT) calculations where spin-orbit coupling (SOC) effects are explicitly considered. The results are compared to those previously reported for NiPc(OBu)(8) (J. Phys. Chem. A 2005, 109, 2078) in an effort to highlight the effect of the central metal on the structural and photophysical properties of the group 10 transition metal octabutoxyphthalocyanines. Different from the nickel analogue, PdPc(OBu)(8) and PtPc(OBu)(8) show a modest and irregular saddling distortion of the macrocycle, but share with the first member of the group similar UV-vis spectra, with the deep red and intense Q-band absorption experiencing a blue shift down the group, as observed in virtually all tetrapyrrolic complexes of this triad. The blue shift of the Q-band along the MPc(OBu)(8) (M = Ni, Pd, Pt) series is interpreted on the basis of the metal-induced electronic structure changes. Besides the intense deep red absorption, the title complexes exhibit a distinct near-infrared (NIR) absorption due to a transition to the double-group 1E (pi,pi(star)) state, which is dominated by the lowest single-group E-3 (pi,pi(star)) state. Unlike NiPc(OBu)(8), which is nonluminescent, PdPc(OBu)(8) and PtPc(OBu)(8) show both deep red fluorescence emission and NIR phosphorescence emission. Transient absorption experiments and relativistic spin orbit TDDFT calculations consistently indicate that fluorescence and phosphorescence emissions occur from the S-1(pi,pi(star)) and T-1(pi,pi star) states, respectively, the latter being directly populated from the former, and the triplet state decays directly to the S-0 surface (the triplet lifetime in deaerated benzene solution was 3.04 mu s for Pd and 0.55 mu s for Pt). Owing to their triplet properties, PdPc(OBu)(8) and PtPc(OBu)(8) have potential for use in photodynamic therapy (PDT) and are potential candidates for NIR light emitting diodes or NIR emitting probes.
2011
Near-Infrared-Emitting Phthalocyanines. A Combined Experimental and Density Functional Theory Study of the Structural, Optical, and Photophysical Properties of Pd(II) and Pt(II) α-Butoxyphthalocyanines / A. V., Soldatova; J., Kim; Rizzoli, Corrado; M. E., Kenney; M. A. J., Rodgers; A., Rosa; G., Ricciardi. - In: INORGANIC CHEMISTRY. - ISSN 0020-1669. - 50:(2011), pp. 1135-1149. [10.1021/ic102209q]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2342752
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