Objective—To assess the role of apolipoprotein (apo) E in macrophage reverse cholesterol transport (RCT) in vivo. Methods and Results—ApoE exerts an antiatherosclerotic activity by regulating lipoprotein metabolism and promoting cell cholesterol efflux. We discriminated between macrophage and systemic apoE contribution using an assay of macrophage RCT in mice. The complete absence of apoE lead to an overall impairment of the process and, similarly, the absence of apoE exclusively in macrophages resulted in the reduction of cholesterol mobilization from macrophages to plasma, liver, and feces. Conversely, expression of apoE in macrophages is sufficient to promote normal RCT even in apoE-deficient mice. The mechanisms accounting for these results were investigated by evaluating the first step of RCT (ie, cholesterol efflux from cells). Macrophages isolated from apoE-deficient mice showed a reduced ability to release cholesterol into the culture medium, whereas the apoB-depleted plasma from apoE-deficient and healthy mice possessed a similar capacity to promote cellular lipid release from cultured macrophages. Conclusion—Our data demonstrate, for the first time to our knowledge, that apoE significantly contributes to macrophage RCT in vivo and that this role is fully attributable to apoE expressed in macrophages.
|Tipologia ministeriale:||Articolo su rivista|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo su rivista|