We have performed extensive zero-field µSR experiments on pure YBa2Cu3O6+y and diluted Y-rare-earth substituted Y0.92Eu0.08Ba2Cu3O6+y and Y0.925Nd0.075Ba2Cu3O6+y at light hole doping. A common magnetic behavior is detected for all the three families, demonstrating negligible effects of the isovalent Y-substituent disorder. Two distinct regimes are identified, separated by a crossover, whose origin is attributed to the concurrent thermal activation of spin and charge degrees of freedom: a thermally activated and a re-entrant antiferromagnetic regime. The peculiar temperature and hole density dependence of the magnetic moment m(h,T) fit a model with a (spin) activation energy for the crossover between the two regimes throughout the entire investigated range. The magnetic moment is suppressed by a simple dilution mechanism both in the re-entrant regime (0<=h<=0.056) and in the so-called cluster spin glass state coexisting with superconductivity (0.056< h <= 0.08). We argue a common magnetic ground state for these two doping regions and dub it frozen antiferromagnet. Conversely either frustration or finite-size effects prevail in the thermally activated antiferromagnetic state, that vanishes at the same concentration where superconductivity emerges, suggesting the presence of a quantum critical point at hc=0.056(2).
Magnetic states of lightly hole-doped cuprates in the clean limit as seen via zero-field muon spin spectroscopy / F. Coneri; S. Sanna; K. Zheng; J. Lord; R. De Renzi. - In: PHYSICAL REVIEW. B, CONDENSED MATTER AND MATERIALS PHYSICS. - ISSN 1098-0121. - 81(2010), pp. 104507-1-104507-11. [10.1103/PhysRevB.81.104507]
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