We consider a terrestrial wireless channel, whose statistical model under flat-fading conditions is due to Clarke. A lot of papers in the literature deal with receivers for this scenario, aiming at estimating and tracking the time-varying channel, possibly with the aid of known (pilot) symbols. A common approach to derive receivers of reasonable complexity is to resort to a Kalman filter which is based on an approximation of the actual fading process as autoregressive moving-average (ARMA) of a given order. The aim of this paper is to show that the approximation of the actual fading process, usually exploited in the literature, is far from effective. Thus, we present a novel technique, based on an off-line minimization of the mean square error of the channel estimate, which ensures a considerable gain in terms of bit-error rate for Kalman-based receivers without increasing the receiver complexity. Moreover, we also propose a novel approximation, to be employed in Kalman smoothers proposed for iterative detection schemes, which allows further performance improvements without a significant increase of the computational complexity.

On the ARMA approximation for fading channels described by the Clarke model with applications to Kalman-based receivers / A., Barbieri; Piemontese, Amina; Colavolpe, Giulio. - In: IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS. - ISSN 1536-1276. - 8:(2009), pp. 535-540. [10.1109/TWC.2009.070188]

On the ARMA approximation for fading channels described by the Clarke model with applications to Kalman-based receivers

PIEMONTESE, Amina;COLAVOLPE, Giulio
2009-01-01

Abstract

We consider a terrestrial wireless channel, whose statistical model under flat-fading conditions is due to Clarke. A lot of papers in the literature deal with receivers for this scenario, aiming at estimating and tracking the time-varying channel, possibly with the aid of known (pilot) symbols. A common approach to derive receivers of reasonable complexity is to resort to a Kalman filter which is based on an approximation of the actual fading process as autoregressive moving-average (ARMA) of a given order. The aim of this paper is to show that the approximation of the actual fading process, usually exploited in the literature, is far from effective. Thus, we present a novel technique, based on an off-line minimization of the mean square error of the channel estimate, which ensures a considerable gain in terms of bit-error rate for Kalman-based receivers without increasing the receiver complexity. Moreover, we also propose a novel approximation, to be employed in Kalman smoothers proposed for iterative detection schemes, which allows further performance improvements without a significant increase of the computational complexity.
On the ARMA approximation for fading channels described by the Clarke model with applications to Kalman-based receivers / A., Barbieri; Piemontese, Amina; Colavolpe, Giulio. - In: IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS. - ISSN 1536-1276. - 8:(2009), pp. 535-540. [10.1109/TWC.2009.070188]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2293800
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