We performed the asymmetric synthesis of four enantiopure benzo[d] isothiazo-3-or 5-yloxypropanolamine derivatives, previously described as competitive antagonists at β-adrenoceptors. The chemical characterization of each enantiomer was accomplished by 1H NMR and HPLC/DAD/CD. The direct chromatographic separation of the enantiomers via chiral HPLC was investigated. The best resolutions were achieved using cellulose tris (3,5-dimethylphenyl carbamate) (Chiralcel OD-H) and amylose tris (3,5-dimethylphenyl carbamate) (Chiralpak AD). The enantiomers obtained had enantiomeric purities suitable for biological assays. Tested in isolated rat cardiac and intestinal tissues to evaluate their effects at β1- and β3-adrenoceptors, the (S)-enantiomers revealed a higher degree of antagonism than (R)-enantiomers at both subtypes, even though their activity was greater at the cardiac β1-subtype. The potent and cardiospecific antagonistic effect exerted by the compounds tested suggests that the benzisothiazole moiety could be an interesting scaffold for discovering new chiral β-blocking drugs.
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