In this paper, we investigate the ultimate performance limits, in terms of achievable information rate (IR), of communication systems impaired by impulse noise. We compare single carrier (SC) and multi-carrier (MC) transmission systems employing quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM) formats. More precisely, we consider SC schemes with coded modulations and MC systems based on orthogonal frequency division modulation (OFDM). For the MC schemes, we introduce a theoretically equivalent channel model which makes the computation of the IR feasible. This simple channel model will be referred to as interleaved MC. We show that, in the presence of impulse noise and except for systems operating at very high spectral efficiency, the IR of MC schemes is lower than that of SC schemes. More precisely, use of MC schemes may lead to an unavoidable fundamental loss with respect to SC schemes at typical coding rates, whereas MC schemes are to be preferred for very high coding rates or in uncoded systems. These results hold for additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN) and dispersive channels, either considering plain OFDM or MC schemes employing water-filling and bit-loading algorithms. In order to validate our theoretical results, we also obtain the bit error rate (BER) performance of SC and MC schemes through Monte Carlo simulations. A few trellis-coded modulation (TCM) and low-density parity-check (LDPC)-coded schemes are considered. The obtained SNR loss in the BER curves between the AWGN and impulse noise channels matches well with the corresponding IR gap.
I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.