We examined 434 cases of death by fall observed at our institution from 1970 to 2002. It emerges from the analysis that the autopsy was performed in only 36% of cases. This low percentage may be referred to factors such the obviousness of death cause and the dynamics of the fact. It was more common amongst males (76%), with a large difference from females. In relation to the modality, suicidal dinamycs was found in 177 cases (40,78%), followed by accidental cause and by accidents at work, both manifested in 127 cases (20,26%), and from the ones due to homicide, observed in 3 cases (0,69%). Relating the modality of falls to gender, in males the great number of cases, 126 (38,07%), was due to accidents at work, followed by accidental precipitation, 104 cases (31,40%), suicides, 98 cases (29,6%) and homicides, 3 cases (0,9%). In females fall was not related to professional activity and the most frequent cause was suicide, 79 cases (76,7%), followed by accidental deaths, 23 cases (23,33%). In suicides, the class of age most representd was 45-80 years, with greater frequency between 50 and 70 years; in accidents at work was 35-65 years with greater frequency from 40 to 50 years; in accidental deaths was 55-94 years with greater frequency between 55 and 65 years. Suicidal precipitation was observed in 146 cases (82,48%) in closed places and in the remaining 31 (17,51%) in opened spaces. The percentage of death in hospital was relevant, 45 cases, representing 25,42% of whole cases and 30,82% of the ones occurred in closed places. All these victims were affected by mental or neoplastic diseases. Within accidental fall we found a prevalence of opened spaces (59%) compared to closed ones (41%). Height varied from 1,5 m to 200 m, but mainly (76,95%) in a range between 1,5 to 20 metres. Relatively to he pole of collision, there is a clear prevalence (69%) of head, followed by thoraco-abdominal region (15%), lower limbs (6,75%), upper limbs (4,75%) and dorso-lumbar region (4,5%).

Death by fall. Remarks about 443 necroscopic cases observed from 1970 to 2002 / Crestani, Carlo; DEL SANTE, M; Gennari, M; Masotti, Vittoria. - (2006), pp. 10-10. ((Intervento presentato al convegno 15th International Meeting on Forensic Medicine Alpe-Adria-Pannonia tenutosi a Pula (Croatia) nel 17-20 maggio 2006.

Death by fall. Remarks about 443 necroscopic cases observed from 1970 to 2002

CRESTANI, Carlo;MASOTTI, Vittoria
2006-01-01

Abstract

We examined 434 cases of death by fall observed at our institution from 1970 to 2002. It emerges from the analysis that the autopsy was performed in only 36% of cases. This low percentage may be referred to factors such the obviousness of death cause and the dynamics of the fact. It was more common amongst males (76%), with a large difference from females. In relation to the modality, suicidal dinamycs was found in 177 cases (40,78%), followed by accidental cause and by accidents at work, both manifested in 127 cases (20,26%), and from the ones due to homicide, observed in 3 cases (0,69%). Relating the modality of falls to gender, in males the great number of cases, 126 (38,07%), was due to accidents at work, followed by accidental precipitation, 104 cases (31,40%), suicides, 98 cases (29,6%) and homicides, 3 cases (0,9%). In females fall was not related to professional activity and the most frequent cause was suicide, 79 cases (76,7%), followed by accidental deaths, 23 cases (23,33%). In suicides, the class of age most representd was 45-80 years, with greater frequency between 50 and 70 years; in accidents at work was 35-65 years with greater frequency from 40 to 50 years; in accidental deaths was 55-94 years with greater frequency between 55 and 65 years. Suicidal precipitation was observed in 146 cases (82,48%) in closed places and in the remaining 31 (17,51%) in opened spaces. The percentage of death in hospital was relevant, 45 cases, representing 25,42% of whole cases and 30,82% of the ones occurred in closed places. All these victims were affected by mental or neoplastic diseases. Within accidental fall we found a prevalence of opened spaces (59%) compared to closed ones (41%). Height varied from 1,5 m to 200 m, but mainly (76,95%) in a range between 1,5 to 20 metres. Relatively to he pole of collision, there is a clear prevalence (69%) of head, followed by thoraco-abdominal region (15%), lower limbs (6,75%), upper limbs (4,75%) and dorso-lumbar region (4,5%).
Death by fall. Remarks about 443 necroscopic cases observed from 1970 to 2002 / Crestani, Carlo; DEL SANTE, M; Gennari, M; Masotti, Vittoria. - (2006), pp. 10-10. ((Intervento presentato al convegno 15th International Meeting on Forensic Medicine Alpe-Adria-Pannonia tenutosi a Pula (Croatia) nel 17-20 maggio 2006.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2293526
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