Objectives: To evaluate the capacity of serum from carriers of LCAT gene mutations to promote cell cholesterol efflux through the ABCA1, ABCG1, and SR-BI pathways. Methods: Serum was obtained from 41 carriers of mutant LCAT alleles (14 carriers of two mutant LCAT alleles and 27 heterozygotes) and 10 non-carrier relatives (controls). The capacity of serum to promote cholesterol efflux was tested in pathway-specific cell models. Results: LCAT deficient sera were significantly more efficient than control sera in promoting cell cholesterol efflux via ABCA1 (3.1±0.3% for carriers of two mutant LCAT alleles and 2.6±0.2% for heterozygotes vs. 1.5±0.4% for controls), and less efficient in promoting ABCG1- and SR-BI-mediated cholesterol efflux. The enhanced capacity of LCAT deficient serum for ABCA1 efflux is explained by the increased content of pre-HDL, as indicated by the significant positive correlation between ABCA1 efflux and serum pre-HDL content (R = 0.468, P < 0.001). Moreover, chymase treatment of LCAT deficient serum selectively degraded pre-HDL and completely abolished ABCA1 efflux. Despite the remarkable reductions in serum HDL levels, LCAT deficient sera were as effective as control sera in removing mass cholesterol from cholesterol-loaded macrophages. Conclusions: Serum from carriers of LCAT gene mutations has the same capacity of control serum to decrease the cholesterol content of cholesterol-loaded macrophages due to a greater cholesterol efflux capacity via ABCA1.
Functional LCAT is not required for macrophage cholesterol efflux to human serum / CALABRESI L.; FAVARI E.; MOLERI E.; ADORNI M.P.; PEDRELLI M.; COSTA S.; JESSUP W.; GELISSEN I.C.; KOVANEN P.T.; BERNINI F.; FRANCESCHINI G.. - In: ATHEROSCLEROSIS. - ISSN 0021-9150. - 204 (1)(2009), pp. 141-146. [10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2008.08.038]