Eucypris virens is a freshwater ostracod in which both sexual reproduction and parthenogenesis occur. Sympatric coexistence of both reproductive modes is known in zones of overlap. This renders the species a potentially valuable model organism to study the 'queen of evolutionary problems', i.e. why sex is so successful despite its costs (paradox of sex). In order to maximally exploit this potential, a broad knowledge of the species' ecology is essential, including an understanding of its life history and population dynamics. Here, the phenology of the species was followed in three temporary ponds through monthly (Spain) or fortnightly (Poland) samplings, throughout an inundation period. This study confirms the wide ecological tolerances of E. virens. Although the species is generally assumed to be univoltine, two hatching periods were observed in the Spanish sites. Biotic interactions, especially predation, appear to be the important determinants of population dynamics in long-hydroperiod sites. Abiotic conditions may influence population dynamics through their impact on egg hatching. In the site with male presence, the initially female-biased sex ratio evolved towards a balanced sex ratio through the season. No consistent differences in limb morphology were observed between females originating from the three study sites. On the other hand, valve size of adult females varied among sites, possibly influenced by local environmental conditions (mainly salinity and pH) as well as the expected genetic diversity.
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