Due to supporting evidence that dietary patterns may have a significant role in the maintenance of good physical performance with aging, we tested whether plasma fatty acids, saturated fatty acids (SFA), and polyunsaturated (PUFA) fatty acids are cross-sectionally associated with different physical performance and predict changes in physical performance over a 3-year period. Data were from the InCHIANTI study, a populationbased study of older Italians. Plasma fatty acids were measured at enrollment (1998– 2000), and outcome variables, Summary Physical Performance Battery (SPPB), and time to walk 7 meters (m) were measured at enrollment and after 3 years (2001–2004). At enrollment, 330 participants had significantly impaired lower extremity performance (defined as a SPPB score 9). Adjusting for age, participants with a SPPB score 9 had higher levels of total PUFA, n-3 PUFA, and n-6 PUFA, while significantly lower levels of SFA than those with a SPPB score 9. Baseline SPPB scores were also associated with n-3 PUFA ( 0.148, p 0.031), whereas the 7-m walk time was associated with total PUFA (0.068, p 0.008), after adjusting for potential confounders. Of the 884 participants with a SPPB score 9 at baseline, 114 (12.9%) developed impaired lower extremity performance (SPPB 9). In fully adjusted logistic models, baseline n-3 PUFA levels were inversely related to the risk of developing a decline in SPPB to 9 (odds ratio [OR] 0.21; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.08–0.53), while the n-6/n-3 ratio was associated with a higher risk of SPPB decline to 9 (OR 5.23; 95% CI 2.02–13.51). In multivariate regression models, the n-6/n-3 ratio was associated with a longer time to walk 7 m ( 0.396, p 0.037). n-3 PUFA plasma levels, which most likely reflect dietary intake, seem to protect against accelerated decline of physical performance. A higher n-6/n-3 ratio was associated with higher risk of developing poor physical performance and slower walking speed

Plasma polyunsaturated fatty acids and age-related physical performance decline / Abbatecola, Am; Cherubini, A; Guralnik, Jm; ANDRES LACUEVA, C; Ruggiero, C; Maggio, Marcello Giuseppe; Bandinelli, S; Paolisso, G; Ferrucci, L.. - In: REJUVENATION RESEARCH. - ISSN 1549-1684. - 12(1):(2009), pp. 25-32. [10.1089/rej.2008.0799]

Plasma polyunsaturated fatty acids and age-related physical performance decline.

MAGGIO, Marcello Giuseppe;
2009-01-01

Abstract

Due to supporting evidence that dietary patterns may have a significant role in the maintenance of good physical performance with aging, we tested whether plasma fatty acids, saturated fatty acids (SFA), and polyunsaturated (PUFA) fatty acids are cross-sectionally associated with different physical performance and predict changes in physical performance over a 3-year period. Data were from the InCHIANTI study, a populationbased study of older Italians. Plasma fatty acids were measured at enrollment (1998– 2000), and outcome variables, Summary Physical Performance Battery (SPPB), and time to walk 7 meters (m) were measured at enrollment and after 3 years (2001–2004). At enrollment, 330 participants had significantly impaired lower extremity performance (defined as a SPPB score 9). Adjusting for age, participants with a SPPB score 9 had higher levels of total PUFA, n-3 PUFA, and n-6 PUFA, while significantly lower levels of SFA than those with a SPPB score 9. Baseline SPPB scores were also associated with n-3 PUFA ( 0.148, p 0.031), whereas the 7-m walk time was associated with total PUFA (0.068, p 0.008), after adjusting for potential confounders. Of the 884 participants with a SPPB score 9 at baseline, 114 (12.9%) developed impaired lower extremity performance (SPPB 9). In fully adjusted logistic models, baseline n-3 PUFA levels were inversely related to the risk of developing a decline in SPPB to 9 (odds ratio [OR] 0.21; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.08–0.53), while the n-6/n-3 ratio was associated with a higher risk of SPPB decline to 9 (OR 5.23; 95% CI 2.02–13.51). In multivariate regression models, the n-6/n-3 ratio was associated with a longer time to walk 7 m ( 0.396, p 0.037). n-3 PUFA plasma levels, which most likely reflect dietary intake, seem to protect against accelerated decline of physical performance. A higher n-6/n-3 ratio was associated with higher risk of developing poor physical performance and slower walking speed
2009
Plasma polyunsaturated fatty acids and age-related physical performance decline / Abbatecola, Am; Cherubini, A; Guralnik, Jm; ANDRES LACUEVA, C; Ruggiero, C; Maggio, Marcello Giuseppe; Bandinelli, S; Paolisso, G; Ferrucci, L.. - In: REJUVENATION RESEARCH. - ISSN 1549-1684. - 12(1):(2009), pp. 25-32. [10.1089/rej.2008.0799]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2282545
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