We present a theoretical study of the performance of distributed Raman amplifiers with higher order pumping schemes, focusing in particular on double Rayleigh scattering (DRS) noise. Results show an unexpected significant DRS noise reduction for pumping order higher than third, allowing for an overall performance improvement of carefully designed distributed amplifiers, ensuring a large optical signal-to-noise ratio improvement together with reduced DRS-induced penalties.
Reduction of Double Rayleigh Scattering Noise in Distributed Raman Amplifiers employing Higher-order Pumping / G. BOLOGNINI; BONONI A.. - In: OPTICS EXPRESS. - ISSN 1094-4087. - 17(2009), pp. 6996-7003. [10.1364/OE.17.006996]