We have analyzed the effect of N,N′-bis-(2,3-methylenedioxyphenyl)urea (2,3-MDPU) and N,N′-bis-(3,4-methylenedioxyphenyl)urea (3,4-MDPU), two symmetrically substituted diphenylurea derivatives with no auxin or cytokinin-like activity, on the rooting capacity of Pinus radiata stem cuttings. Results indicate that both diphenylurea derivatives enhance adventitious rooting in the presence of exogenous auxin (indole-3-butyric acid, IBA), even at low auxin concentration, in rooting-competent cuttings, but have no effect on the adventitious rooting of low or null competent-to-root cuttings. Histological analyses show that, in the simultaneous presence of MDPUs and low concentration of exogenous auxin, adventitious root formation is induced in the cell types that retain intrinsic competence to form adventitious roots in response to auxin. The time course of cellular events leading to root formation and the time of root emergence are closely similar to that observed in cuttings treated only with higher auxin concentration. In addition, the mRNA level of a P. radiata SCARECROW-LIKE gene, which is significantly induced in the presence of the optimal concentration (10 μM) of exogenous auxin needed for cuttings to root, is increased in the presence of MDPUs and low concentration of exogenous auxin (1 μM). The expression of a P. radiata SHORT-ROOT gene in rooting-competent cuttings during adventitious rooting is also affected by the presence of MDPUs when combined with auxin. As MDPUs do not affect the expression of either gene in the absence of exogenous auxin, but only in its presence, we suggest that MDPUs could interact, directly or indirectly, with the auxin-signalling pathways in rooting-competent cuttings during adventitious rooting.

N,N'-bis-(2,3-methylenedioxyphenyl)urea and N,N'-bis-(3,4-methylenedioxyphenyl)urea enhance adventitious rooting in Pinus radiata and affect expression of genes induced during adventitious rooting in the presence of exogenous auxin / Ricci, Ada; Rolli, Enrico; Dramis, Lucia; DIAZ SALA, C.. - In: PLANT SCIENCE. - ISSN 0168-9452. - 175:(2008), pp. 356-363. [10.1016/j.plantsci.2008.05.009]

N,N'-bis-(2,3-methylenedioxyphenyl)urea and N,N'-bis-(3,4-methylenedioxyphenyl)urea enhance adventitious rooting in Pinus radiata and affect expression of genes induced during adventitious rooting in the presence of exogenous auxin

RICCI, Ada;ROLLI, Enrico;DRAMIS, Lucia;
2008-01-01

Abstract

We have analyzed the effect of N,N′-bis-(2,3-methylenedioxyphenyl)urea (2,3-MDPU) and N,N′-bis-(3,4-methylenedioxyphenyl)urea (3,4-MDPU), two symmetrically substituted diphenylurea derivatives with no auxin or cytokinin-like activity, on the rooting capacity of Pinus radiata stem cuttings. Results indicate that both diphenylurea derivatives enhance adventitious rooting in the presence of exogenous auxin (indole-3-butyric acid, IBA), even at low auxin concentration, in rooting-competent cuttings, but have no effect on the adventitious rooting of low or null competent-to-root cuttings. Histological analyses show that, in the simultaneous presence of MDPUs and low concentration of exogenous auxin, adventitious root formation is induced in the cell types that retain intrinsic competence to form adventitious roots in response to auxin. The time course of cellular events leading to root formation and the time of root emergence are closely similar to that observed in cuttings treated only with higher auxin concentration. In addition, the mRNA level of a P. radiata SCARECROW-LIKE gene, which is significantly induced in the presence of the optimal concentration (10 μM) of exogenous auxin needed for cuttings to root, is increased in the presence of MDPUs and low concentration of exogenous auxin (1 μM). The expression of a P. radiata SHORT-ROOT gene in rooting-competent cuttings during adventitious rooting is also affected by the presence of MDPUs when combined with auxin. As MDPUs do not affect the expression of either gene in the absence of exogenous auxin, but only in its presence, we suggest that MDPUs could interact, directly or indirectly, with the auxin-signalling pathways in rooting-competent cuttings during adventitious rooting.
2008
N,N'-bis-(2,3-methylenedioxyphenyl)urea and N,N'-bis-(3,4-methylenedioxyphenyl)urea enhance adventitious rooting in Pinus radiata and affect expression of genes induced during adventitious rooting in the presence of exogenous auxin / Ricci, Ada; Rolli, Enrico; Dramis, Lucia; DIAZ SALA, C.. - In: PLANT SCIENCE. - ISSN 0168-9452. - 175:(2008), pp. 356-363. [10.1016/j.plantsci.2008.05.009]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/1845397
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