Doxycycline (DOXY) is a wide spectrum antibiotic used in the treatment of dental, periodontal, and bone infections. Brushite cements are calcium phosphate biomaterials especially interesting for bone regeneration process. In this work, we describe the preparation of a brushite cement containing DOXY and the drug release from the cement. DOXY solutions were mixed with the cement powder and after a 50% burst release in the first 12 h, a slow and controlled release was achieved over 3.5 days. The release of DOXY hyclate was controlled by both, diffusion and Ca2+ interaction. Formation of DOXY- Ca2+ chelates was detected in the cement structure using solid state fluorescence. The brushite cement loaded with DOXY hyclate had antibacterial activity against periodontal pathogens: Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, Porphyromonas gingivalis and Bacteroides frosthytus. This new biomaterial may be helpful for the treatment of periodontal disease.
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