Between January 1990 and February 2001 a total of 323 patients underwent following operations at our Institution: respectively 256 on the ascending aorta, 13 on the transverse arch and 54 on thoracic descending aorta. Sixteen patients with thoracic aortic aneurysms underwent endovascular stent graft implantation. The overall in-hospital mortality was respectively: 7% for ascending aortic aneurysms, 7,7% in the aortic arch aneurysms group and 5,5% for descending aortic aneurysms. The mortality was greater in case of emergency surgery and in the subgroup of patients with acute type A dissection. Stroke with permanent dysfunction occurred in 1,5% of ascending aneurysms, 7,7% of arch aneurysms and in 3,7% of thoracic descending aneurysms. In the latter group, all the major neurological events were related to conventional surgical procedures only: really no mortality or neurological morbidity occurred with endovascular stent graft implantation. Even if modern physiologic monitoring devices and new surgical techniques have been developed in the last years, the treatment of thoracic aortic aneurysms remains challenging. Endoluminal placement of stent grafts has developed as an alternative procedure for the treatment of thoracic aortic aneurysms, even if longer term follow-up is still necessary to fully define the efficacy of this approach.
Surgical repair of thoracic aortic aneurysms : results and complications / BUDILLON AM; NICOLINI F; BEGHI C; SACCANI S; DE CICCO G; ALBERTINI D; AGOSTINELLI A; BALLORE L; GHERLI T.. - In: ACTA BIO-MEDICA DE L'ATENEO PARMENSE. - ISSN 0392-4203. - 72:1-2(2001), pp. 33-43.
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