Degradation factors can cause both quantitative and qualitative changes in fauna and thus affect soil functioning. The use of bio-indicators may help to detect environmental changes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of lead and cadmium on the biology (mortality, reproduction, egg hatching) of two euedaphic collembolans, Sinella coeca and Folsomia candida and to evaluate sensitivity differences between the two species. The results showed that low concentrations of lead did not cause dramatic effects on the survival and reproduction of both species. Reproduction of both species was reduced when the soil contained a nominal concentration of Pb at 1000 μg g-1. S. coeca and F. candida showed a high sensitivity to cadmium and both their reproduction and survival were significantly reduced on exposure to 50 μg g-1. Moreover, egg hatching of F. candida was affected by the cadmium concentrations in the soil, and by the amount of time that the eggs stayed in contact with cadmium. This study showed that the inhibition determined by Cd on F. candida juvenile production was caused in part by inhibition of deposition and, in part, by reduction of egg viability.

Effects of Cd and Pb on the survival and juvenile production of Sinella coeca and Folsomia candida / Menta, Cristina; Maggiani, A; Vattuone, Z.. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF SOIL BIOLOGY. - ISSN 1164-5563. - 42:3(2006), pp. 181-189.

Effects of Cd and Pb on the survival and juvenile production of Sinella coeca and Folsomia candida

MENTA, Cristina;
2006-01-01

Abstract

Degradation factors can cause both quantitative and qualitative changes in fauna and thus affect soil functioning. The use of bio-indicators may help to detect environmental changes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of lead and cadmium on the biology (mortality, reproduction, egg hatching) of two euedaphic collembolans, Sinella coeca and Folsomia candida and to evaluate sensitivity differences between the two species. The results showed that low concentrations of lead did not cause dramatic effects on the survival and reproduction of both species. Reproduction of both species was reduced when the soil contained a nominal concentration of Pb at 1000 μg g-1. S. coeca and F. candida showed a high sensitivity to cadmium and both their reproduction and survival were significantly reduced on exposure to 50 μg g-1. Moreover, egg hatching of F. candida was affected by the cadmium concentrations in the soil, and by the amount of time that the eggs stayed in contact with cadmium. This study showed that the inhibition determined by Cd on F. candida juvenile production was caused in part by inhibition of deposition and, in part, by reduction of egg viability.
Effects of Cd and Pb on the survival and juvenile production of Sinella coeca and Folsomia candida / Menta, Cristina; Maggiani, A; Vattuone, Z.. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF SOIL BIOLOGY. - ISSN 1164-5563. - 42:3(2006), pp. 181-189.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/1509850
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