A wild-type and a Cr-tolerant strain of the unicellular green alga Scenedesmus acutus were used to investigate if the difference in tolerance to Cr(VI) could depend on a different response to oxidative stress in terms of free cysteine (Cys) and reduced glutathione (GSH), and in preventing membrane lipid peroxidation. The growth of the two strains in standard medium in the presence of Cr(VI) 9.6, 19.2 or 38.4 Mwas compared, and the content of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) after a 4-day treatment was determined as marker of lipid peroxidation. The Cys and GSH contents were determined in both strains treated with Cr(VI) for 24 h in HEPES buffer both enriched and not with sulphate. The treated algae were also subjected to recovery test in standard medium. The growth of wild type was inhibited at all Cr(VI) concentrations, while that of the Cr-tolerant strain only at the highest one. After exposure to 19.2 M Cr(VI), TBARS levels ranging from 0.091 to 0.263 mol/g d.w. were detected in the wild type, while only a slight increase (0.090±0.014 mol/g d.w.) was observed in the Cr-tolerant strain. Following treatment with 38.4 MCr(VI), TBARS levels rose significantly and were similar in the two strains. The Cys content did not vary significantly in the cells exposed to Cr(VI) in either sulphate-lacking or sulphate-enriched buffer, and the differences between the two strains were insignificant. In the wild-type strain, the GSH content showed a significant downward trend with the increase in Cr(VI) concentration in the sulphate-lacking buffer, while it remained as high as the one of control cells in the sulphate-enriched buffer. In the Cr-tolerant strain, the GSH content did not vary significantly when the treatment took place in the sulphate-lacking buffer, while it showed a significant rise with the increase in Cr(VI) concentration in the sulphate-enriched buffer. The growth of both strains during recovery was significantly faster after treatment in the sulphate-enriched than in the sulphate-lacking buffer, the Cr-tolerant strain showing a much higher recovery capacity than the wild type. It appears that the Cr-tolerant strain, when exposed to Cr(VI) in the presence of a sulphur source, can increase GSH pool to levels not achievable by the wild type, and is thus able to recover better. This first report on the role of thiol compounds in Cr tolerance in algae suggests that tolerance to Cr(VI) in S. acutus could depend on a prompt up-regulation of the pathways leading to GSH synthesis.

Differential responses to Cr(VI)-induced oxidative stress between Cr-tolerant and wild-type strains of Scenedesmus acutus (Chlorophyceae) / Gorbi, Gessica; Torricelli, E; PAWLIK SKOWRONSKA, B; SANITA' DI TOPPI, Luigi; Zanni, Corrado; Corradi, Maria Grazia. - In: AQUATIC TOXICOLOGY. - ISSN 0166-445X. - 79:(2006), pp. 132-139. [10.1016/j.aquatox.2006.06.002]

Differential responses to Cr(VI)-induced oxidative stress between Cr-tolerant and wild-type strains of Scenedesmus acutus (Chlorophyceae)

GORBI, Gessica;SANITA' DI TOPPI, Luigi;ZANNI, Corrado;CORRADI, Maria Grazia
2006

Abstract

A wild-type and a Cr-tolerant strain of the unicellular green alga Scenedesmus acutus were used to investigate if the difference in tolerance to Cr(VI) could depend on a different response to oxidative stress in terms of free cysteine (Cys) and reduced glutathione (GSH), and in preventing membrane lipid peroxidation. The growth of the two strains in standard medium in the presence of Cr(VI) 9.6, 19.2 or 38.4 Mwas compared, and the content of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) after a 4-day treatment was determined as marker of lipid peroxidation. The Cys and GSH contents were determined in both strains treated with Cr(VI) for 24 h in HEPES buffer both enriched and not with sulphate. The treated algae were also subjected to recovery test in standard medium. The growth of wild type was inhibited at all Cr(VI) concentrations, while that of the Cr-tolerant strain only at the highest one. After exposure to 19.2 M Cr(VI), TBARS levels ranging from 0.091 to 0.263 mol/g d.w. were detected in the wild type, while only a slight increase (0.090±0.014 mol/g d.w.) was observed in the Cr-tolerant strain. Following treatment with 38.4 MCr(VI), TBARS levels rose significantly and were similar in the two strains. The Cys content did not vary significantly in the cells exposed to Cr(VI) in either sulphate-lacking or sulphate-enriched buffer, and the differences between the two strains were insignificant. In the wild-type strain, the GSH content showed a significant downward trend with the increase in Cr(VI) concentration in the sulphate-lacking buffer, while it remained as high as the one of control cells in the sulphate-enriched buffer. In the Cr-tolerant strain, the GSH content did not vary significantly when the treatment took place in the sulphate-lacking buffer, while it showed a significant rise with the increase in Cr(VI) concentration in the sulphate-enriched buffer. The growth of both strains during recovery was significantly faster after treatment in the sulphate-enriched than in the sulphate-lacking buffer, the Cr-tolerant strain showing a much higher recovery capacity than the wild type. It appears that the Cr-tolerant strain, when exposed to Cr(VI) in the presence of a sulphur source, can increase GSH pool to levels not achievable by the wild type, and is thus able to recover better. This first report on the role of thiol compounds in Cr tolerance in algae suggests that tolerance to Cr(VI) in S. acutus could depend on a prompt up-regulation of the pathways leading to GSH synthesis.
Differential responses to Cr(VI)-induced oxidative stress between Cr-tolerant and wild-type strains of Scenedesmus acutus (Chlorophyceae) / Gorbi, Gessica; Torricelli, E; PAWLIK SKOWRONSKA, B; SANITA' DI TOPPI, Luigi; Zanni, Corrado; Corradi, Maria Grazia. - In: AQUATIC TOXICOLOGY. - ISSN 0166-445X. - 79:(2006), pp. 132-139. [10.1016/j.aquatox.2006.06.002]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/1500765
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