In cardiac muscle sarcolemmal structures such as T-tubules, caveolae and negatively charged protein-polysaccharides may affect the rate of cation exchange on the external surface of the cells. To test this hypothesis, we examined the rate of external cation exchange in adult rabbit and rat ventricular myocytes using a rapid solution switcher to change the bulk external solution within 4 ms. To assess the rate of diffusion of monovalent cations, we increased [K+](o) from 4.4 to 6.6 or 8.8 mM and measured the time required to achieve a stable membrane depolarization. In rat myocytes, the mean time to 90% depolarization (t(90)) was significantly longer than that in rabbit myocytes (137 and 64 ms, respectively) and the difference in t(90) was not associated with the cell size, To assess the time course of exchange of external Ca2+, we rapidly exposed the myocytes to O Ca2+-2 mM EGTA solution at specific time points before action potentials or voltage clamp steps, and measured the rate of alteration of the normalized peak [Ca2+] transient (Fluo-3) or Ca2+ current. Exposure to O Ca2+-2 mM EGTA solution caused a decline in the intracellular calcium transient. In rat myocytes, the rate of decline in the [Ca2+], transient was much slower (t(90) > 1500 ms, the time required for 90% decline) than for the rabbit (t(90)= 295 ms). Also, the rate of decline in the Ca2+ current was prolonged in rat myocytes (t(90) = 910 ms) compared with rabbit myocytes (t(90) = 241 ms). These data indicate that there is a restricted space on the external surface of sarcolemma which limits diffusion of divalent cations more markedly than monovalent cations, The extent of this limitation of cation diffusion varies between species, and may have functional significance.

The restriction of diffusion of cations at the external surface of cardiac myocytes varies between species / Yao A; Spitzer KW; Ito N; Zaniboni M; Lorell BH; Barry WH. - In: CELL CALCIUM. - ISSN 0143-4160. - 22:6(1997), pp. 431-438. [10.1016/S0143-4160(97)90070-1]

The restriction of diffusion of cations at the external surface of cardiac myocytes varies between species

ZANIBONI, Massimiliano;
1997

Abstract

In cardiac muscle sarcolemmal structures such as T-tubules, caveolae and negatively charged protein-polysaccharides may affect the rate of cation exchange on the external surface of the cells. To test this hypothesis, we examined the rate of external cation exchange in adult rabbit and rat ventricular myocytes using a rapid solution switcher to change the bulk external solution within 4 ms. To assess the rate of diffusion of monovalent cations, we increased [K+](o) from 4.4 to 6.6 or 8.8 mM and measured the time required to achieve a stable membrane depolarization. In rat myocytes, the mean time to 90% depolarization (t(90)) was significantly longer than that in rabbit myocytes (137 and 64 ms, respectively) and the difference in t(90) was not associated with the cell size, To assess the time course of exchange of external Ca2+, we rapidly exposed the myocytes to O Ca2+-2 mM EGTA solution at specific time points before action potentials or voltage clamp steps, and measured the rate of alteration of the normalized peak [Ca2+] transient (Fluo-3) or Ca2+ current. Exposure to O Ca2+-2 mM EGTA solution caused a decline in the intracellular calcium transient. In rat myocytes, the rate of decline in the [Ca2+], transient was much slower (t(90) > 1500 ms, the time required for 90% decline) than for the rabbit (t(90)= 295 ms). Also, the rate of decline in the Ca2+ current was prolonged in rat myocytes (t(90) = 910 ms) compared with rabbit myocytes (t(90) = 241 ms). These data indicate that there is a restricted space on the external surface of sarcolemma which limits diffusion of divalent cations more markedly than monovalent cations, The extent of this limitation of cation diffusion varies between species, and may have functional significance.
The restriction of diffusion of cations at the external surface of cardiac myocytes varies between species / Yao A; Spitzer KW; Ito N; Zaniboni M; Lorell BH; Barry WH. - In: CELL CALCIUM. - ISSN 0143-4160. - 22:6(1997), pp. 431-438. [10.1016/S0143-4160(97)90070-1]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11381/1493602
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