Reacting the heterocycle 5-thioxo-1,4-dihydro-4-ethyl-3-methyl-1,2,4-triazole (thioxotriazoline) with sodium tetrahydroborate in the molar. ratio of similar to2:1 at 130 degreesC provides the new ligand dihydrobis(thioxotriazolinyl)borato, [Bt(Et,Me)](-), as its sodium salt. The neutral complexes of this anionic ligand with zinc(II), bismuth(III), and nickel(II) have been synthesized and characterized by X-ray crystallography. In every complex, the ligand is coordinated to the metal in the S-2 mode, generating eight-membered chelate rings. The bismuth and nickel complexes exhibit two (MH)-H-...-B interactions responsible for the dodecahedral and octahedral geometries, respectively. For the zinc complex, the trigonal-bipyramidal coordination is achieved with an apical (ZnH)-H-...-B interaction. The crystal structures for the three complexes are described, and ab initio calculations on Bi(III), Ni(II), and Zn(II) compounds have been performed in order to assess the nature of the (MH)-H-...-B interaction and its role for the definition of the molecular geometries.
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