Brachyspira (Serpulina) pilosicoli of human origin interfere with the growth of Clostridium perfringens alpha-toxin producer reducing the clostridial growth area and colonies number when bacteria were cultivated together in sheep blood agar plates. The growth inhibition of C. perfringens was only observed when B. (S.) pilosicoli grew 72-96 hours sooner than C. perfringens and after the inoculum of this latter the plates were anaerobically incubated for additional 48 hours. The phenomenon was observed at concentrations of B. (S.) pilosicoli ranging from 10(7) to 10(4) CFU/ml and at concentrations of C. perfringens ranging from 10(7) to 10(1) CFU/ml when the bacteria were 0-10 mm away from each other. When B. (S.) pilosicoli and C. perfringens were inoculated at the same time and when B. (S.) pilosicoli grew 24-48 hours sooner than C. perfringens, the clostridial growth inhibition was not appreciated and only a cooperative haemolysis was observed between the bacteria.
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