The inner debate on the topics of Educational Psychology dates back in time, but is still a stimulating subject; the philosophy of the science underlying the different psychological approaches to education, emphasizes specific pedagogical standpoints. As regards this matter, one of the basic problems is the fact that the experimental analysis of behavior contribution to education, is sorely misunderstood and mischaracterized for external and internal conceptual problems regarding basic and applied science and philosophy. The main aim of the paper is to help make them more clear. They will be analyzed in their historical background, as well as in the context of the recent advances. Key words: Experimental and Applied Analysis, Behavior, Education.