Affect-biased attention may play a fundamental role in early socioemotional development, but factors influencing its emergence and associations with typical versus pathological outcomes remain unclear. Here, we adopted a nonhuman primate model of early social adversity (ESA) to: (1) establish whether juvenile, pre-adolescent macaques demonstrate attention biases to both threatening and reward-related dynamic facial gestures; (2) examine the effects of early social experience on such biases; and (3) investigate how this relation may be linked to socioemotional behaviour. Two groups of juvenile macaques (ESA exposed and non-ESA exposed) were presented with pairs of dynamic facial gestures comprising two conditions: neutral-threat and neutral-lipsmacking. Attention biases to threat and lipsmacking were calculated as the proportion of gaze to the affective versus neutral gesture. Measures of anxiety and social engagement were also acquired from videos of the subjects in their everyday social environment. Results revealed that while both groups demonstrated an attention bias towards threatening facial gestures, a greater bias linked to anxiety was demonstrated by the ESA group only. Only the non-ESA group demonstrated a significant attention bias towards lipsmacking, and the degree of this positive bias was related to duration and frequency of social engagement in this group. These findings offer important insights into the effects of early social experience on affect-biased attention and related socioemotional behaviour in nonhuman primates, and demonstrate the utility of this model for future investigations into the neural and learning mechanisms underlying this relationship across development.

Early social adversity modulates the relation between attention biases and socioemotional behaviour in juvenile macaques / Rayson, Holly; Massera, Alice; Belluardo, Mauro; Ben Hamed, Suliann; Ferrari, Pier Francesco. - In: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS. - ISSN 2045-2322. - 11:1(2021), p. 21704.21704. [10.1038/s41598-021-00620-z]

Early social adversity modulates the relation between attention biases and socioemotional behaviour in juvenile macaques

Rayson, Holly
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Massera, Alice
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Belluardo, Mauro
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Ferrari, Pier Francesco
2021-01-01

Abstract

Affect-biased attention may play a fundamental role in early socioemotional development, but factors influencing its emergence and associations with typical versus pathological outcomes remain unclear. Here, we adopted a nonhuman primate model of early social adversity (ESA) to: (1) establish whether juvenile, pre-adolescent macaques demonstrate attention biases to both threatening and reward-related dynamic facial gestures; (2) examine the effects of early social experience on such biases; and (3) investigate how this relation may be linked to socioemotional behaviour. Two groups of juvenile macaques (ESA exposed and non-ESA exposed) were presented with pairs of dynamic facial gestures comprising two conditions: neutral-threat and neutral-lipsmacking. Attention biases to threat and lipsmacking were calculated as the proportion of gaze to the affective versus neutral gesture. Measures of anxiety and social engagement were also acquired from videos of the subjects in their everyday social environment. Results revealed that while both groups demonstrated an attention bias towards threatening facial gestures, a greater bias linked to anxiety was demonstrated by the ESA group only. Only the non-ESA group demonstrated a significant attention bias towards lipsmacking, and the degree of this positive bias was related to duration and frequency of social engagement in this group. These findings offer important insights into the effects of early social experience on affect-biased attention and related socioemotional behaviour in nonhuman primates, and demonstrate the utility of this model for future investigations into the neural and learning mechanisms underlying this relationship across development.
2021
Early social adversity modulates the relation between attention biases and socioemotional behaviour in juvenile macaques / Rayson, Holly; Massera, Alice; Belluardo, Mauro; Ben Hamed, Suliann; Ferrari, Pier Francesco. - In: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS. - ISSN 2045-2322. - 11:1(2021), p. 21704.21704. [10.1038/s41598-021-00620-z]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2971245
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