We retrospectively investigated mother-to-infant transmission of group B Streptococcus (GBS) in 98 cases of lateonset disease reported during 2007-2018 by a network in Italy. Mothers with full assessment of vaginal/rectal carriage tested at prenatal screening (APS) and at time of late onset (ATLO) were included. Thirty-three mothers (33.7%) were never GBS colonized; 65 (66.3%) were vaginal/rectal colonized, of which 36 (36.7%) were persistently colonized. Mothers with vaginal/rectal colonization ATLO had high rates of GBS bacteriuria (33.9%) and positive breast milk culture (27.5%). GBS strains from mother- infant pairs were serotype III and possessed the surface protein antigen Rib. All but 1 strain belonged to clonal complex 17. GBS strains from 4 mother-infant pairs were indistinguishable through pulsed-fi eld gel electrophoresis. At least two thirds of late-onset cases are transmitted from mothers, who often have vaginal/rectal carriage, positive breast milk culture, or GBS bacteriuria, which suggests heavy maternal colonization.

Maternal carriage in late-onset group b streptococcus disease, Italy / Berardi, A.; Spada, C.; Creti, R.; Auriti, C.; Gambini, L.; Rizzo, V.; Capretti, M.; Laforgia, N.; Papa, I.; Tarocco, A.; Lanzoni, A.; Biasucci, G.; Piccinini, G.; Nardella, G.; Latorre, G.; Merazzi, D.; Travan, L.; Reggiani, M. L. B.; Baroni, L.; Ciccia, M.; Lucaccioni, L.; Iughetti, L.; Lugli, L.. - In: EMERGING INFECTIOUS DISEASES. - ISSN 1080-6040. - 27:(2021), pp. 2279-2287. [10.3201/eid2709.210049]

Maternal carriage in late-onset group b streptococcus disease, Italy

Biasucci G.;Iughetti L.;
2021-01-01

Abstract

We retrospectively investigated mother-to-infant transmission of group B Streptococcus (GBS) in 98 cases of lateonset disease reported during 2007-2018 by a network in Italy. Mothers with full assessment of vaginal/rectal carriage tested at prenatal screening (APS) and at time of late onset (ATLO) were included. Thirty-three mothers (33.7%) were never GBS colonized; 65 (66.3%) were vaginal/rectal colonized, of which 36 (36.7%) were persistently colonized. Mothers with vaginal/rectal colonization ATLO had high rates of GBS bacteriuria (33.9%) and positive breast milk culture (27.5%). GBS strains from mother- infant pairs were serotype III and possessed the surface protein antigen Rib. All but 1 strain belonged to clonal complex 17. GBS strains from 4 mother-infant pairs were indistinguishable through pulsed-fi eld gel electrophoresis. At least two thirds of late-onset cases are transmitted from mothers, who often have vaginal/rectal carriage, positive breast milk culture, or GBS bacteriuria, which suggests heavy maternal colonization.
Maternal carriage in late-onset group b streptococcus disease, Italy / Berardi, A.; Spada, C.; Creti, R.; Auriti, C.; Gambini, L.; Rizzo, V.; Capretti, M.; Laforgia, N.; Papa, I.; Tarocco, A.; Lanzoni, A.; Biasucci, G.; Piccinini, G.; Nardella, G.; Latorre, G.; Merazzi, D.; Travan, L.; Reggiani, M. L. B.; Baroni, L.; Ciccia, M.; Lucaccioni, L.; Iughetti, L.; Lugli, L.. - In: EMERGING INFECTIOUS DISEASES. - ISSN 1080-6040. - 27:(2021), pp. 2279-2287. [10.3201/eid2709.210049]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2930939
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