Using molecular biological methods and retrospective investigations, some outbreaks in dental settings have been proven to be caused by mainly blood-borne viruses and water-borne bacteria. Nowadays, drug-resistant bacteria seem further hazards taking into account the worldwide overuse of antibiotics in dentistry, the limited awareness on infection prevention guidelines, and the lapses and errors during infection prevention (reported in more detail in Part 2). We chose MRSA and VRE as markers since they are considered prioritized bacteria according antibiotic resistance threats. Antibiotic-resistant bacterial infections inside of dental setting are relevant, and we argue about some hazards in dentistry, including dedicated surgeries. MRSA has a key role for its colonization in patients and dental workers, presence on gloves, resistance (days-months on dry inanimate surfaces), the contamination of different clinical contact surfaces in dental settings, the ability of some strains to produce biofilm, and finally its estimated low infective dose. For better dental patient and healthcare personnel safety, we need evidence-based guidelines to improve education and training initiatives in surgery.

Infection Control in Dentistry and Drug-Resistant Infectious Agents: A Burning Issue. Part 1 / Barenghi, Livia; Barenghi, Alberto; Di Blasio, Alberto. - ELETTRONICO. - (2020), pp. 1-29. [10.5772/intechopen.80961]

Infection Control in Dentistry and Drug-Resistant Infectious Agents: A Burning Issue. Part 1

Barenghi, Alberto
Conceptualization
;
Di Blasio, Alberto
Conceptualization
2020

Abstract

Using molecular biological methods and retrospective investigations, some outbreaks in dental settings have been proven to be caused by mainly blood-borne viruses and water-borne bacteria. Nowadays, drug-resistant bacteria seem further hazards taking into account the worldwide overuse of antibiotics in dentistry, the limited awareness on infection prevention guidelines, and the lapses and errors during infection prevention (reported in more detail in Part 2). We chose MRSA and VRE as markers since they are considered prioritized bacteria according antibiotic resistance threats. Antibiotic-resistant bacterial infections inside of dental setting are relevant, and we argue about some hazards in dentistry, including dedicated surgeries. MRSA has a key role for its colonization in patients and dental workers, presence on gloves, resistance (days-months on dry inanimate surfaces), the contamination of different clinical contact surfaces in dental settings, the ability of some strains to produce biofilm, and finally its estimated low infective dose. For better dental patient and healthcare personnel safety, we need evidence-based guidelines to improve education and training initiatives in surgery.
978-1-83968-535-4
Infection Control in Dentistry and Drug-Resistant Infectious Agents: A Burning Issue. Part 1 / Barenghi, Livia; Barenghi, Alberto; Di Blasio, Alberto. - ELETTRONICO. - (2020), pp. 1-29. [10.5772/intechopen.80961]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2920168
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