If the surface at contact with the fluid is curved, the action of the fluid can be computed by integrating the elementary forces due to the local pressure by the infinitesimal area of the surface. In practice, it is convenient to adopt integral balance equation for a control volume partly (or completely) delimited by the surface, and then to balance the forces acting on the external surface and body forces. It is also convenient to resolve the total force acting on the surface into horizontal and vertical components. A horizontal component of the force passes through the centroid of the vertical projection of the surface on a plane normal to the horizontal direction considered. By considering two directions in the horizontal plane, the corresponding two horizontal components can be determined and vector composed to calculate the total horizontal force acting on the surface, resulting, in general, in a single horizontal vector plus a moment which is required to render them coplanar. The vertical force passes through the centroid of the vertical (axis) cylinder of fluid with director represented by the contour of the surface. The horizontal and vertical force components can be vector composed, giving in general a single vector plus a moment.
|Titolo:||Hydrostatic Forces on Submerged Curved Surfaces|
LONGO, Sandro Giovanni (Corresponding)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2021|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||2.1 Contributo in volume(Capitolo di libro)|