Despite the enormous progress made in recent years with antibodies, vaccines, antisense oligonucleotides, etc., the so-called “biological” approaches for tackling the control of various diseases, medicinal chemistry remains a bulwark to refer to for the development of new drugs. Also in the case of heparanase, medicinal chemistry has always been in the forefront to identify new inhibitors, through modification of natural macromolecules, e.g., sulfated polysaccharides like heparin, or of natural compounds isolated from bacteria or plants, or through rational design. In this chapter, the reader will find a detailed description of the most relevant small-molecule heparanase inhibitors reported so far in the scientific literature and in patent applications, with mention to the design strategy and to structure-activity relationships. Starting from heparanase inhibitors of natural origin and the attempts to improve their potency and selectivity, the reader will be guided through the major chemical classes of synthetic inhibitors, with representation of the structure of the most relevant compounds. The last paragraph is dedicated to a brief description of inhibitors that have reached clinical trials, highlighting their structure, mechanism, and improved derivatives.
|Titolo:||The Control of Heparanase Through the Use of Small Molecules|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||2.1 Contributo in volume(Capitolo di libro)|