Background:COVID-19 is a terrific pandemic and a potential risk for every health care professional (HCP), especially during emergency conditions where the right timing is essential for the correct treatment. During surgery the correct setting of operative room (OR) is mandatory to reduce the risk of contamination. Personal protection equipment (PPE), specific devices, and planned OR setting are essential during surgery in pandemic COVID-19. Methods:Medline, PubMed, Scientific societies recommendations, and guidelines were consulted to identify articles reporting the setup of OR during pandemic COVID-19. Results:OR must have a high-efficiency particulate air (HEPA) filter with negative pressure and a high air exchange cycle rate. Every supply kit should be packed and placed in the OR before patient arrival. A detailed checklist of equipment and devices is necessary. Personal PPE at the highest level should be provided to every HCP (Association of the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation [AAMI]-Level-III surgical gowns; double latex-free gloves with Acceptable Quality Level <1.0; FFP3 or powered air-purifying respirator masks with face shield). Anesthesia should be performed with a rapid sequence intubation. During surgery energy devices should be settled to the lower level in combination with a smoke evacuation switch pen with disposable smoke evacuation HEPA filter to minimize surgical smoke spread. During laparoscopy low pneumoperitoneum pressures and aspiration systems must be provided. Conclusions:Emergency surgery during pandemic COVID-19 increases the risk for every HCP in the OR. A theoretical risk of transmission from the surgical field exists. It is mandatory the adoption of strong strategies to reduce the risk of contamination in the OR.
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