Gut microbiota composition and functionality can influence the pathophysiology of age-related cognitive impairment and dementia, according to a large number of animal studies. The translation of this concept to humans is still uncertain, due to the relatively low number of clinical studies focused on fecal microbiota and large number of environmental factors that influence the microbiota composition. However, the fecal microbiota composition of older patients with dementia is deeply different from that of healthy active controls, conditioning a different metabolic profile. The possible use of fecal microbiota-related parameters and microbiota-derived metabolites as biomarkers of cognitive performance and dementia is critically reviewed in this paper, focusing on the most promising areas of research for the future.

Gut Microbiota and Microbiota-Related Metabolites as Possible Biomarkers of Cognitive Aging / Ticinesi, A.; Nouvenne, A.; Tana, C.; Prati, B.; Meschi, T.. - ELETTRONICO. - 1178(2019), pp. 129-154. [10.1007/978-3-030-25650-0_8]

Gut Microbiota and Microbiota-Related Metabolites as Possible Biomarkers of Cognitive Aging

Ticinesi A.
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Nouvenne A.;Prati B.;Meschi T.
2019

Abstract

Gut microbiota composition and functionality can influence the pathophysiology of age-related cognitive impairment and dementia, according to a large number of animal studies. The translation of this concept to humans is still uncertain, due to the relatively low number of clinical studies focused on fecal microbiota and large number of environmental factors that influence the microbiota composition. However, the fecal microbiota composition of older patients with dementia is deeply different from that of healthy active controls, conditioning a different metabolic profile. The possible use of fecal microbiota-related parameters and microbiota-derived metabolites as biomarkers of cognitive performance and dementia is critically reviewed in this paper, focusing on the most promising areas of research for the future.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11381/2864971
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