We consider circular Wilson loops in a defect version of N = 4 super-Yang- Mills theory which is dual to the D3-D5 brane system with k units of flux. When the loops are parallel to the defect, we can construct both BPS and non-BPS operators, depending on the orientation of the scalar couplings in the R-symmetry directions. At strong ’t Hooft coupling we observe, in the non supersymmetric case, a Gross-Ooguri-like phase transition in the dual gravitational theory: the familiar disk solution dominates, as expected, when the operator is far from the defect while a cylindrical string worldsheet, connecting the boundary loop with the probe D5-brane, is favourite below a certain distance (or equivalently for large radii of the circles). In the BPS case, instead, the cylindrical solution does not exist for any choice of the physical parameters, suggesting that the exchange of light supergravity modes always saturate the expectation value at strong coupling. We study the double-scaling limit for large k and large ’t Hooft coupling, finding full consistency in the non-BPS case between the string solution and the one-loop perturbative result. Finally we discuss, in the BPS case, the failure of the double-scaling limit and the OPE expansion of the Wilson loop, finding consistency with the known results for the one-point functions of scalar composite operators.
Circular Wilson loops in defect N = 4 SYM: phase transitions, double-scaling limits and OPE expansions / Bonansea, S.; Davoli, S.; Griguolo, L.; Seminara, D.. - In: JOURNAL OF HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS. - ISSN 1126-6708. - 2020:3(2020). [10.1007/JHEP03(2020)084]
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