Cigarette smoking is a complex phenomenon and its consequences for humanbody are increasingly known. Basing on the results from previous research on re-lationship betweenMindfulness and smoking abstinence in which it emerged thatsubjects who had high levels of dispositionalMindfulness had a greater chance ofsuccess in a smoking cessation program, the aim of the present study was to ex-tend the analysis in a larger group of individuals subjected to pharmacologicaltreatment and motivational counselling, which were monitored both at the first24-h of complete abstention and at the follow-up. The study involved 53 indivi-duals who participated to a smoke cessation program completing theFagerströmTest of Nicotine Dependence (FTND), theMindful Attention Awareness Scale(MAAS) and theGeneral Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12). Abstinence was re-corded in several sessions also through the quantitative determination of the valueof carbon monoxide on the expired air (CO) from the lungs that contributes to agreater objectivity of the outcome measure. Data did not confirm the role ofMin-dfulness as a predictor of abstinence. MAAS and GHQ-12 scores did not result inrelationship with the outcome of nicotine cessation program. Therefore,Mindful-ness construct would seem not to be a predictor of success in a smoking cessationprogram. The use of more sensitive tools in detecting theMindfulness trait couldlead to appropriate results as a more structured cognitive behavioural treatmentcould be contributing to support habitual smokers quit.
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